The American Eskimo dog was originally used as performers in the circus. They are the direct descendants of the European Spitz’s. They tend to be smaller than most dogs of their weight class, although they are not lap dogs. The American Eskimo dog has a beautiful white coat of fur. They are characterized by their black eyes, nose, mouth, and triangular shaped ears that stand upright.
These dogs are very easy to train. If given patience and respect, they have the ability to learn a number of tricks. Their early heritage in the United States were as trick dogs with traveling circuses and caravans. They are very agile, and loyal. They are very protective to their owners and make excellent watchdogs. Although, the American Eskimo is not known to bite. They will take other tactics in order to protect what is theirs.
While this breed does need regular exercise, they still strive to please their owners. They are alert and agile, highly intelligent and fiercely protective. They have a thick undercoat with a longer top coat. Standing in at 9 inches to 19 inches they are classified into the toy, miniature or standard sized dog categories.
The American Eskimo is a sturdy, rugged dog. Its gait gives hints to the pure strength this dog possesses. When it reaches its full gait the legs will actually go in line with the center of gravity with the dog’s body. If this dog hits a full grown man at full gait, the dog can take the man down. This dog has a strong, broad chest that extends to the elbows.
The back is also broad and muscular with a strong loin, and a muscular neck. In terms of dogs, this one is one of the stronger of the breeds. A definite protector, and defender of his or her people. This dog has an excellent gait that demands respect. With its head held high and its beautifully plumed tail, the American Eskimo dog will garner second and even third looks.
This breed of dog is very loving and affectionate. They love to play and frolic with children. They are also very charming and totally aware of their surroundings at all times. If adopting an American Eskimo, keep in mind that they need to have constant reminders of who is in charge. If they believe that they run the roost many behavior issues can arise. Among some of these issues are excessive barking and some aggressiveness.
Some of the health problems with this breed include allergies to fleas. They can also suffer from hip dyspepsia and progressive retinal atrophy. Regular visits with the vet and keeping a close watch of the eyes and tear ducts will prevent any serious issues.
Another thing that the owner must keep control of is the diet and exercise regimen of the dog. They can tend to become overweight if they are not exercised daily. If the owner has a yard that they can romp about in, that is good. Although, the American Eskimo dog has a migratory instinct and will still benefit from and want a long walk every day.
This dog will be a loyal friend for many years. Their average life expectancy is about 15 human years. If given exceptional attention, love, and medical care, some dogs can live as long as 18 years. Although, this is the exception, not the norm.
If wanting a litter, or to become a breeder of the American Eskimo dog, the average litter is about 5 pups at a time. These dogs do have issues with hip dyspepsia so the owner will want to make sure that the female has had a full exam before getting stud service. Also, too many litters too close together can also bring on hip dyspepsia, so be sure to not breed the dog too often.